What is liver cancer ?

Most cancers are named after the part of the body where the cancer started. Primary liver cancer occurs when liver cells to change and become malignant. It comes from the heart not the result of spread (metastasis). Metastasis occurs when cancer cells originating from other parts of the human body spread to the liver. Liver cancer is also known as hepatoma.

How liver cancer can be explained ?

Liver cancer or hepatoma is usually more common in Asian countries. On average, cancer patients are mostly aged between 40 and 50 years. It is found four times more common in men than in women .Liver tumors are a rare form of cancer in the Western world . But it is one of several types of cancer is most common in people of Asia and Africa .Primary liver tumors of tumor that starts in the liver tissue itself can be divided into benign tumors and malignant tumors.

Benign liver tumors :

  • It is more common than malignant liver tumors .
  • It includes hemangioma, adenoma and hyperplasia focal nodules .

Malignant Liver Tumors :

  • Including hepatoma (primary liver cancer) , cancer kolangioselular , cancer combined Hepato- Koniocellular and angiosarcoma.
How does this form of liver cancer ?

The liver is the main organ in the human body that is responsible for getting rid of toxins, drugs and toxins out of the body. This is done by breaking the toxin to a pigmented compound and then transported out through the duct into the intestine. Once the virus , drug or alcohol damages the liver, pigmented compounds will accumulate, causing jaundice, or yellowing of the eyes white. Usually these liver cells that become cancerous. There are various forms or histological pattern of hepatoma. Hepatoma can exist in two forms: the focus (focus) and diffuse. Focus or concentration of this can be seen as a rounded mass or berlobul, usually present in large numbers. Diffuse or dispersed form is more difficult to diagnosis. The sample specimens were cut found most cases hepatoma has spread to the portal vein. This may involve the hepatic vein, vena cava, and the portal vein and is believed to be the main cause of metastasis.

What are the factors that can increase the risk of liver cancer ?

Those at risk include:

  • Alcohol drinkers,
  • Bearing Hepatitis B.

Remember: Avoid excessive alcohol intake . It is linked so closely that the problem of liver cancer, especially in developed countries. Hepatitis B carriers are at greater risk of developing liver cancer , especially if they have the virus active or if they suffer from liver damage.

What are the signs and symptoms of liver cancer ?

There are several symptoms that you should know:

  • The main symptoms are pain in the abdomen, loss of weight and loss of appetite . These symptoms are also present when the liver is infected with viruses such as hepatitis A or B. Beware as almost 30 % of patients do not show any symptoms.
  • Unexplained fever is also a common symptom.
  • Ascites or edema ( fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity of the peritoneum which causes the bloating ) . This fluid usually contains high protein content and possibly mixed with blood.


What are the possible complications can occur ?

Metastasis – the cancer can spread to other parts of the body.
What is the prognosis for liver cancer ? Average liver cancer patients was reported to survive only for a period of 4-8 months after diagnosis . Severity of liver cancer, liver damage caused by hepatitis B early or reliability of alcohol consumption and cancer surgery through, will determine the survival of patients with liver cancer. If surgery is able to heal cancer patients the opportunity to continue his life for another 5 years is high, almost 46%.

How can liver cancer be prevented?

Among the preventive measures that can be taken are :

  • Get Hepatitis B immunization schedule.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol intake.

Undergo medical examination when there is a specific change in your health , especially related to the warning signs of cancer.


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